Total number of mother tongues in India: 6,661
The Coorgi (Kodava) population in India: 166187
Tulu-speaking people in India: 17.22 lakh
There are 2,26,449 persons in the country whose mother tongue
Hindi, which is in No. 1 position in the country, has recorded
a steady growth from 1971 to 2001. The figure,
which was 20.27 crore in 1971, rose to 42.2 crore in 2001
"The death of a language means the death of thousands of years
of experience, history, cultural diversity and the very identity
of the people. Language, the important attribute of a population,
has great relevance and significance in a pluri-lingual and pluri-ethnic
land like India. The language data having the ethnic and linguistic
characteristics of the population has been an indiscreet source
population of Karnataka is 5.28 crore (528 lakh). Of this, 3.48
crore people speak Kannada. Those who speak Telugu (36.98 lakh)
form the largest non-Kannada-speaking community after Urdu (55.39
lakh). After Telugu speakers are those who speak Marathi (18.92
lakh) and Tamil (18.74 lakh). The IT/BT revolution has led to an
increase in the Hindi-speaking community (13.44 lakh). Konkani-speakers
(7.68 lakh) outnumber Malayalees (7.01 lakh).
Kannada is the eighth most spoken language in the country. After
Kannada and Urdu, Telugu is the most spoken language in Karnataka.
Tamil ranks behind Telugu and Marathi, while speakers of Malayalam
are way behind, their population in the state being a little over
Among the north Indian communities, the state is a favourite with
Gujaratis (1.02 lakh). The Bengali community has a good presence
with 41,256 people, followed by speakers of Oriya (16,529), Punjabi
(15,572) and Sindhi (14,694). Kannadigas do not seem to be an adventurous
lot. Their presence in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and
Kerala is way behind the presence of speakers of Telugu, Marathi,
Tamil and Malayalam in Karnataka.
The presence of Kannadigas in Andhra Pradesh (5.65 lakh) is seven
times less than the presence of Telugu population in Karnataka (36.98
Outside Karnataka, Maharashtra has the highest number of Kannadigas
(12.54 lakh). In Tamil Nadu, there are 10.45 lakh Kannadigas, while
Goa and Delhi are home to 74,615 and 10,525 Kannadigas, respectively.
There are 39 Kannadigas in Lakshadweep.